Education is one of the most powerful instruments for reducing poverty and inequality and for laying the foundation for sustained socio-economic development. African Countries recognized this critical role of education as way back as 1962 when they committed themselves to “Education for all Children” in the Addis Ababa Declaration. However, more than 50 years since that declaration, even improving literacy level and achieving universal education remain a major challenge in Africa. An emerging consensus is also to extend early childhood education to children in all communities.
Overall only 61 percent of adults in most Africa can read and write with understanding, reflecting one of the lowest adult literacy rates in the world. In fact, 14 of 22 countries in the world with Literacy rates below 60 percent are in sub-Saharan Africa. Although the rate increased by more than ten percentage points between 1990 and 2004, high population growth meant the absolute number of illiterate adults continued to rise, from about 133 t0 165 million. The number is expected to reach 200 million by 2025. Therefore, unless Africa Government significantly expand both child and adult literacy programmes, they will in the foreseeable future, be burdened by adult unable to significantly expand their contribution to economic growth.
To compete in a knowledge-based society, young people need access to higher education. But demands for higher education in Africa have also not been met, and public expenditure on higher education has declined and remains chronically underfunded. Notwithstanding impressive increase in tertiary education enrolment of more than 50 percent since 1999. Only a small share of the relevant age group has access to this level of education, with an enrolment rate of less than 5 percent in 2004.
Given that the performance of the education sector could directly affect, and even determine, the quality and magnitude of Africa’s social development, it is imperative that African government put in place effective interventions to address the challenge facing this sector.
Its no longer news that schooling is expensive, from tuition to accommodation and welfare. We know and understand this challenges. In fact, most young people struggle till graduation while a hand full drop out as a result of inability to pay their fees. Something had to be done about this, something to bridge the gap so One Africa Global created EducateOneAfrica.